نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
2 گروه جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
3 گروه نقشهبرداری دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران
4 گروه مرمت و احیای بناها و بافتهای تاریخی (مرمت شهری)، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Pattern of urban expansion in relation to growth of urbanization has led to an excessive horizontal growth of cities. To deal with this phenomenon, theories and movements towards sustainable urban development were developed, such as smart growth. In this theory, physical growth and development of the city serves the community, economy and environment to enhance the quality of life. Gorgan is one of the fertile cities in north of Iran, which, besides being a political center, also is the economic center of the region. Today, the urban sprawl phenomenon in this city is clearly visible, including destruction of fertile and forest lands around the city. In this research, it is tried to use the movement to determine the priorities of endogenous development in Gorgan in order to control the urban sprawl phenomenon of this city. To this end, various urban factors were matched to the ten principles of smart growth; these factors were transformed into a maps and information layers in the GIS environment. These factors were compared and weighed by Analytic Hierarchy Process Analysis (AHP) based on their importance. Finally, areas which are susceptible to development are identified by the principles of smart growth in the city. Research method in this paper is descriptive-analytical and the resources and data of 2007have been used. The research findings indicate that the most suitable place for development in Gorgan city based on the principles of smart growth is the north and east to the north-east of this city and other places have less priority.