نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران.
2 گروه مهندسی صنایع و سیستم های مدیریت، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران، ایران
3 گروه صنایع، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In this paper, a model is presented to estimate greenhouse gases emission in Iran. At first, the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKS) hypothesis was tested. This hypothesis suggests an inversed U-shaped relation between environment deterioration and economic growth. Therefore, considering total greenhouse gases emission as environment deterioration index, its relation with per capita GDP is examined. Other affecting variables such as arable lands percentage, fossil fuels consumption percentage, electricity consumption per capita, energy use per capita, population growth, urban population percentage, and merchandise trade as percent of GDP also were considered. Parameters then were estimated using the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. Based on the results, EKC hypothesis was approved and significant difference were observed between and affection of electricity consumption, population growth, urban population percentage, and merchandise trade as percent of GDP.